It's Puzzlement!!* Academic Distribution of PubMed Citations: Implications for Institutional Repositories Electronic Journal Publishing at the Boston College Libraries *ProQuest's Digital Commons * Building Communities in Humanities Scholarly Publishing
As libraries cope with decreased budgets, increased cost of materials and demands for resources, librarians must become puzzle solvers. We must use ingenuity to balance financial limitations, patron needs and costs.
Queensborough Community College is located in the heart of a multicultural population. We serve more than 12,000 students. The Library's mission 'is to meet the information' needs of students, faculty, and staff with print and electronic resources supporting all the curricula of the College.'
is a tall order. At Queensborough, we began a comprehensive subscription
weeding project in 2002. After an assessment of user statistics,
we canceled those periodicals with no usage in either print or
microfilm, taking into account online availability. We repeated
the procedure in 2003 with more drastic cuts in paper and microform.
Institutional repositories mark one potential path to making open access a reality. The hope of many advocates is that if enough institutions construct these repositories a "tipping point" will be reached, as a substantial portion of the current research literature becomes publicly available.
If authors are concentrated in a small number of institutions, then few repositories will be needed to capture their research. However, if researchers are scattered among a large number of institutions, a correspondingly large number of repositories would be needed to be effective.
survey of the last five years of the PubMed database was undertaken
in an attempt to gauge the institutional distribution of authors
in the biomedical sciences. Affiliation fields were extracted
from the records and location information was analyzed. In MEDLINE
records, approximately 47% of first authors who work in the United
States are affiliated with schools that belong to the Association
of Research Libraries. Therefore it is likely that the establishment
of a relatively small number of institutional repositories (fewer
than 130) could have a significant impact on the current system
of scholarly publishing.
The Boston College Libraries has undertaken a program of open-access publishing, sponsoring the publication of peer-reviewed, freely available electronic journals in collaboration with university faculty. This presentation will detail the Libraries' experiences implementing its electronic publishing program, including the recruitment of faculty journal editors, preparing the journals for production, and use of the EdiKit® software created by the Berkeley Electronic Press (bepress) for online publication. The presentation will contrast different models of initiating a new open-access journal project, including bringing an extant print publication online; collaborating with a scholarly society to create an online journal that complements an existing print journal; and creating a new open-access journal from scratch.
ProQuest's Digital Commons
proposed poster session will outline the Digital Commons service,
compare the merits of an ASP model to local implementation, and
outline ' using a case study ' the utilization of the service
to publish journals.
there scholarly communication initiatives for building communities
in humanities scholarly publishing, such as the ARL SPARC initiative
for the sciences?
last updated 12/06/2004